When Was the Munich Agreement Broken

Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government, recognizing the desperation of the struggle against the Nazis alone, reluctantly capitulated (September 30) and agreed to abide by the agreement. The colony gave Germany the Sudetenland from October 10 and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On September 30, after a break, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily accepted. The cabinet met that evening. The Prime Minister did not look worse for his experience. He spoke for more than an hour. He told us that Hitler had taken a certain position from the beginning and refused to stray even an inch away from it. Many of the most important points seem to have barely been raised during their discussion, in particular the international guarantee.

Having said that he had informed Hitler that he was creating an impossible situation after admitting that he had „sniffed“ with indignation by reading the German terms, the Prime Minister concluded, to my astonishment, by saying that he believed that we should accept these conditions and that we should advise the Czechs to: to do so. It is strange to think that this sudden return to the arts of obscuration and oppression comes at a time when the growth of democratic ideas and the triumphs of invention seemed to spread the General Enlightenment. President Wilson, inventing formulations that led to such unfortunate results, spoke at the peace conference of open alliances that were made openly, thinking that justice and the peace of success were assured when people lived in broad daylight. When Bridges wrote his beauty testament, he thought Wireless had made a war much less likely. He argued that „the voice drowned in truth, enveloped by the speed of light,“ would spread across the land and sea. On September 29, Britain and France reached an agreement with Hitler at a conference in Munich. Neville Chamberlain (Great Britain) and Edward Daladier (France) agreed with most of Hitler`s demands, leaving it to Czechoslovakia to accept Germany or fight it alone. Czechoslovakia gave in to Hitler`s demands. Six months later (March 1939), Hitler broke all his promises and seized the rest of Czechoslovakia. In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support the demands of the German-speaking people of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany, and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a „Greater Germany.“ The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would come to the rescue in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain was anxious to avoid war.

He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable deals, but the Führer continued to increase his demands. In the meantime, the British government has asked Beneš to ask for an intermediary. As Beneš did not want to sever his government`s ties with Western Europe, he reluctantly agreed. The Sudeten Germans were ordered by Hitler to avoid any compromise,[25] and the SdP organized demonstrations on September 7 that provoked a police action in Ostrava during which two of his deputies were arrested. [23] The Sudeten Germans used the incident and false accusations of other atrocities as a pretext to break off new negotiations. [23] [26] Undoubtedly, radio has had a great influence over the past two weeks, as the contrast between German absenteeism and the moderation of the leaders of other countries, especially Czechoslovakia, has made a great impression here in the United States and in all neutral countries. .

Posted in Allgemein